Prieto, M. D. (2006). Creative Abilities in Early Childhood. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 4(3), 277–290.
The aim of this study is to explore creativity in Spanish children during their early years and to explore differences regarding gender and age. We have used a sample of 285 children between five and seven years old. To measure their creativity we used the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT). We have used the test of figured expression that is orientated to evaluate the level of imagination in producing pictures. It consists of three subtests: making a picture; finishing a picture; and making different patterns using parallel lines. The abilities that are assessed with this test are: originality, which consists in considering innovative answers, neither familiar nor inappropriate; elaboration, which refers to the amount of detail the child adds to the picture with the aim of enriching it; flexibility, the variety of categories in the answers; and fluency or the number of pictures with titles (Torrance, 1966, 1974). The results show significant evidence of differences relating to gender and age.